Raw Food Diet for Kittens

Kittens
Progress report, Winn grant  09-002


Nutritional adequacy and  performance of raw food diets in kittens

Investigators: Beth Hamper, Claudia Kirk, Joe  Bartges University of  Tennessee

This study examined the  feeding of a raw diet and its effects on kittens. The feeding trials have been  completed using 24 kittens and two different raw food diets (homemade and  commercial). The control diet was a commercially available kitten food. Weight  gain over a 10-week period was at the high end of previously determined data for  all kittens. Male kittens had higher weight gain than females, but all diets  performed equally well. Blood protein and amino acid levels were in the normal  range. Evidence of Salmonella infection was evident in some kittens fed  the raw diet, but was not clinically significant.
Both raw diets met the claims for nutritional adequacy.  White blood cell counts were slightly elevated in the kittens fed the homemade  raw diet, likely a reflection of the higher microbial content. Innate immunity  appeared to function at a higher level in the kittens fed a raw diet. One litter  of 4 kittens experienced diarrhea. Overgrowth of Clostridium perfringens  was later documented; this bacterium thrives in the gut on high protein diets.  Two of the litters had diarrhea due to Anaerobiosprillium spp, a normal  flora but capable of causing disease. Digestibility was highest for the raw  diets, leading to less fecal matter. A final report will be available upon  completion of the primary investigator’s dissertation.

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