Archive for May, 2012

Feral Cat Nutrition

Cat with mouse
The nutrition of feral cats

Plantinga EA, Bosch G, Hendriks WH. Estimation of the dietary nutrient profile of free-roaming feral cats: possible implications for nutrition of domestic cats. Br J Nutr 2011;106 Suppl 1:S35-48.

Cats in the wild rely solely on animal tissues to meet their specific and unique nutritional requirements. This has led to unique digestive and metabolic adaptations. In order to better understand how the domestic cat has adapted to its physiologic needs, the diet of feral cats was assessed. The researchers reviewed 27 published studies reporting the feeding habits of feral cats and obtained data on the nutrient composition of the cats’ prey. The results showed that feral cats are obligatory carnivores with a diet high in protein (52% of daily energy) and fat (46% of daily energy) content, but low in carbohydrates (2% of daily energy). Minerals and trace elements appeared to be consumed in higher concentrations than current recommended allowances. The authors conclude that future research should focus on the value of feeding a natural diet of whole prey as an enhancement of feline health and longevity.

Salmonella in Dry Pet Food

It is just as likely for dry cat or dog food to contain bacteria, fungus, molds, and parasites as it is for raw food. Many people believe the dry food is safe and therefore it is not handled as carefully as raw food may be, therefore it is more likely to produce infection and even outbreaks. Small children should never be allowed to handle dry pet food without proper supervision and safety protocols.

Investigation of Multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella infantis Infections Linked to Dry Dog FoodSalmonella bacteria

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been collaborating with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and state and local officials to investigate a multi-state outbreak of Salmonella infantis infections. FDA became involved in early April when the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development reported detecting Salmonella from an intact package of Diamond Naturals Lamb and Rice Formula for Adult Dogs, collected during retail surveillance sampling.  Diamond Pet Food was notified of the sampling results, and agreed to voluntarily recall this product on April 6, 2012. Continue reading

Raw Food Diet for Kittens

Kittens
Progress report, Winn grant  09-002


Nutritional adequacy and  performance of raw food diets in kittens

Investigators: Beth Hamper, Claudia Kirk, Joe  Bartges University of  Tennessee

This study examined the  feeding of a raw diet and its effects on kittens. The feeding trials have been  completed using 24 kittens and two different raw food diets (homemade and  commercial). The control diet was a commercially available kitten food. Weight  gain over a 10-week period was at the high end of previously determined data for  all kittens. Male kittens had higher weight gain than females, but all diets  performed equally well. Blood protein and amino acid levels were in the normal  range. Evidence of Salmonella infection was evident in some kittens fed  the raw diet, but was not clinically significant. Continue reading